Frequency Specific Microcurrent

Plug into the power of microcurrent expertise!

Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM) was initially developed by Dr. Carolyn McMakin in 1995. She received frequencies from a Canadian osteopath who inherited a machine made in the 1920s. Dr. McMakin then refined and expanded upon these frequencies, ultimately developing protocols for the treatment of myofascial pain in 1996.


About our Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM) Course

  • Dublin
  • Learning
  • 3 Days + Online
  • 3 Days

Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM) is a non-invasive, electrical therapy that uses low-level electrical currents in specific frequencies to treat various health conditions, including pain, inflammation, and muscle and nerve dysfunction.

FSM works by delivering electrical frequencies to targeted areas of the body using electrodes, which stimulate cells and tissues to promote healing and reduce inflammation. FSM is unique in that it uses specific frequencies that are tailored to the patient’s specific condition, which can range from acute injuries to chronic conditions.

FSM is widely used in alternative and complementary medicine, including chiropractic, physical therapy, acupuncture, and naturopathy, to treat a variety of health conditions. The therapy is safe, painless, and non-invasive, making it an attractive option for those seeking natural and alternative forms of treatment.

In 1998, Dr. Carolyn McMakin published the paper on the “Treatment of chronic resistant myofascial pain in the head, neck, and face” in Topics in Clinical Chiropractic. In addition to other published FSM papers

What our gradutes say!

Some unsolicited testimonials from our graduates from over the years.
" This is professional sports best kept secret! "

I had 7 new NHL players this week and 1 Olympic speed skater…. All said the same thing… “This is professional sports best kept secret!”

Kim Pittis
FSM Graduate
" It has my highest recommendation "

I have been using the Frequency Specific Microcurrent in my office for many years now and I can confidently say that it is one of the most powerful healing tools we have available to us. Our units run all day long from the second clinic opens till the last patients leaves.

When I originally went to the seminar I wanted to learn how to apply the technology but I found it so much more helpful than that. Filled with clinical pearls and outside the box thinkers, it was incredibly valuable. Carolyn McMakin has brought us in natural healthcare something extremely special.

I firmly believe that in order to get the best results with patients we have to combine biology, chemistry and the laws of physics. That is why when we put together our training program on dealing with more complex disease processes, there is no better tool to allow us to apply all the sciences than the Frequency Specific Microcurrent. It has my highest recommendation.

Dr. Rob DiMartino
FSM Graduate
" It opened up a whole new world to me "

Having FSM available in my practice is like having a very competent doctor working side by side with me. I know that my results will be amplified and made more spectacular because of FSM, and that it can do so quickly…FSM can treat virtually anything that goes wrong with the body. It switches off inflammation almost anywhere instantly (in severe conditions you can literally have the pain drop to zero in twenty minutes). In our practice, we have used it for concussions, hot discs, sprains, shingles, costochondritis, Fibromyalgia, RSD, vertigo, pain anywhere, PTSD…the list goes on. For the most part, if anything goes wrong with the body, there is a program for that. FSM is one of those seminars that will make you excited again. It opened up a whole new world to me.

Katinka Van Der Merwe
FSM Graduate
" I heartily recommend this treatment "

One of the best treatments that I have found is Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM)…This form of therapy works quickly, with minimum discomfort and often a rapid result…I could actually feel the tissue soften and melt under the microcurrent gloves. I can look forward to steady progress. I heartily recommend this treatment.

Dr. Devin Starlanyl
FSM Advocate
" So glad I found FSM! "

I just want to say how grateful I am for your contributions to the medical community.

Since November’s Chicago Core, I’ve used FSM on about 90% of my patients.  I’m a relatively new acupuncturist and only been in practice about 2 years. I’ve had a lot of success managing pain and treating digestive problems but since adding FSM I see miracles happen in my clinic every day.  I carry my Netters with me now too.

I see fibro, of course back pain, vets with PTSD who have pains and suffering disappear with just running Concussion + Vagus – and leave the office so happy and pain free (WITH JUST THE CONCUSSION PROTOCOL), scar tissue melting, and just tonight a patient who argued with me about drinking water during her consult, a patient I had no faith I could help with frozen shoulder had 75% increase ROM after two treatments and exclaimed “It’s a miracle” how much these two sessions improved her shoulder after years of suffering.

So thank you for sharing this with practitioners everywhere.  The world is truly better place because of what you do.  Thank you so much.  I cannot wait to learn more.

So glad I found FSM!  ❤️

Pam Kososki
FSM Graduate

Schedule and Locations

If travelling from abroad do not make and transport or accommodation arrangements until the course has been confirmed by NTC.
Good Availability
National Training Centre, Dublin
3 Days + Online Content
May 27, 2024

Full details for the Frequency Specific Microcurrent Course

Get all the information about our Frequency Specific Microcurrent Course. (Remember there's even more info in the FAQ section below).


This course consists of a combination of online learning and a hands on practicum module taught over 3 days. The online courses consist of a series of 90-minute video units followed by a quiz to check for understanding. Students must complete the online content prior to attending the practicum weekend.

The FSM Pain and Injury Course is delivered via blended learning with the theory content delivered online.

Course content includes protocols and cases for:

  • Myofascial Pain including facet and disc pain.
  • Nerve Pain including pain from Ligamentous laxity, upper cervical tension headaches, treating Ehrler Danlos, neck and low back pain, Spinal cord generated muscle pain, visceral conditions causing muscle pain, Treating injuries in week 1-4, recognising and treating shingles that masquerade as a new injury, Treating shoulder and knee pain and injuries, Treating injuries from onset to week 1. Includes Postoperative protocols for many common surgeries. Concussion protocol, Vagal tone, Emotional Frequencies, and protocols for depression anxiety, grief, and low back pain.
  • Includes all precautions and contraindications.


The practical module includes

  • Five hands-on Practicums and an Implementation Practicum on incorporating FSM into practice with suggestions on material needed, scheduling, and billing. At the end of 3 days, the learner will be competent and safe to use FSM in most pain and injury conditions and will be ready to move on to Neuro-Visceral Module or the Advanced depending on practice focus and personal interest.


The FSM Pain and Injury Core can be taken as a stand-alone training for Frequency Specific Microcurrent.

In this course, all of the basic information will be taught for the clinician to start practicing Frequency Specific Microcurrent. This course is appropriate for any clinician but is especially appropriate for MDs, NDs, DOs, NMTs, NP. LACs, OTs, and PTs that treat any musculoskeletal pain or neuropathic pain and injuries.

The course also covers Frequency Specific Microcurrent for emotional issues.

This course integrates Functional Medicine and exercise therapies shown to support lasting effects of Frequency Specific Microcurrent used to treat and pain or injury.

  • History of development of Frequency Specific Microcurrent
  • Fundamental theory and  practice of Frequency Specific Microcurrent
  • The biophysics of Frequency Specific Microcurrent
  • Research supporting Frequency Specific Microcurrent
  • The proposed mechanism of action of Frequency Specific Microcurrent
  • The Equipment –  FDA requirements, precautions and contraindications for device use
  • How Frequency Specific Microcurrent is applied to the body
  • How to choose appropriate wave forms and current levels for various patients and conditions
  • Frequency Specific Microcurrent for Myofascial Pain to include:
    • The mechanisms of neuropathic component of myofascial pain and myofascial trigger points
    • Myofascial pain caused by spinal disc injuries, spinal facet joint inflammation and ligament injuries
    • Sub occipital muscles myofascial pain associated with alar ligament laxity and dural adhesions
    • Full Body myofascial pain associated with spinal cord inflammation
    • Myofascial pain and trigger points associated with visceral referral
    • Energetic or psycho-spiritual causes of myofascial pain
  • Treating the Nervous System
    • Concussion
    • Vestibular injuries
    • Neuropathic Pain
    • Radiculopathies and traction injuries
    • Compression neuropathies


The cost of the Frequency Specific Microcurrent programme is €1,250.00 with an Early Bird rate of €950.00 when full course fees are paid by April 30th 2024, a saving of €300.00.

You can secure a place on the programme by paying a €475.00 deposit with the balance due by May 27th for the standard rate or by April 30th for the Early Bird rate.

Previous Participants
Individuals who have previously completed this programme with NTC, and who would like to refresh their knowledge and have the opportunity to study with Dr Mc Mackin, can attend the course for the reviewers price of €695.00. There is a limited number of reviewer places available at this discounted rate so please ensure you book your place early. Contact [email protected] to check availability.

A minimum of 10 students must be registered in order for the course to take place.  Students travelling from overseas should not book flights or accommodation until such time as the course is confirmed. In order to ensure the course takes place, we urge students to book early.


This programme is open to qualified individuals including:

  • doctors
  • nurses
  • physiotherapists
  • chiropractors
  • osteopaths
  • acupuncturists
  • occupational therapists
  • massage therapists
  • physical therapists
  • neuromuscular therapists

Some other complementary therapists may also be eligible. If you are unsure and would like to check whether or not you are eligible to participate, please call the NTC on 01 882 7777.

Meet Dr. McMakin

Carolyn McMakin, MA, DC is the leading authority and developer of Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM).

Frequently Asked Questions

The National Training Centre have been delivering respected educational programmes since 1985 and during that time we have had many questions asked by potential students before registration. Here you can find the answers to the questions we receive most often.

FSM has changed what is possible in pain management. FSM can treat chronic myofascial pain quickly, easily and comfortably. It is one of the safest and most cost effective therapies available. Nerve pain from nerve traction injuries, disc bulges, herniations and shingles can be treated successfully by FSM practitioners. There are protocols for kidney stone pain, disc and facet joint generated pain that give rapid and often lasting relief. The protocol for fibromyalgia associated with neck trauma offers pain relief, unprecedented changes in inflammatory cytokines and hope for the millions patients who suffer from this condition.

Doctors, physical and occupational therapists, physiotherapists, chiropractors, osteopaths, acupuncturists, nurses and massage therapists have been using FSM over the past few years to successfully treat scar tissue, tendonitis, ligament injuries, nerve pain, fractures, peripheral neuropathies, chronic fatigue, irritable bowel syndrome and many other medical conditions associated with inflammation.

Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM) uses a device manufactured by Precision Microcurrent Inc. It has two independent channels that allow you to set both the frequency and the current independently for each channel and was developed in 1990 by an engineer named Glen Smith. He created unique circuitry that allows for long battery life and frequencies that are precise to three digits to 0.1% accuracy. Frequencies are measured in hertz or pulses per second. The frequencies are used on two channels and it makes a difference what channel you put which frequency on. The frequency thought to neutralise the condition is put on Precision channel A or on the channel that fires first. The frequency thought to address the tissue is put on channel B. There are frequencies for over 200 conditions from very common conditions like inflammation and scar tissue and mineral deposits and toxicity to very unusual and hard to document conditions. There are a few frequencies that are used as A/B pairs. A is not a condition, B is not a tissue but the combination of the two frequencies has the therapeutic effect. There is one such frequency combination that takes away shingles pain. When it is used before the blisters break out for an hour a day for three days, the pain is gone in 20 minutes and the blisters never break out. When it is used after the blisters break out it takes the pain away and shortens the course of the shingles.

Shingles is the only thing this specific frequency is good for and so far there is no one it has not worked on.

The frequencies appear to change a variety of conditions and tissues and change pain and function in a large number of clinical conditions. FSM is especially good at treating nerve and muscle pain, inflammation and scar tissue. There is a kind of fibromyalgia associated with neck trauma that is particularly painful and hard to treat even with drugs. There is one frequency protocol that is effective for taking away this kind of pain. There is one frequency combination that so far is 100% effective in a small number of cases to take away kidney stone pain. The frequencies have created observed effects in asthma, liver dysfunction, irritable bowel and many other conditions.

It has been observed that patients who are treated within four hours of a new injury including auto accidents and surgeries have much reduced pain and a greatly accelerated healing process. There are no guarantees that any protocol is going to be effective in any given patient on any given condition. In general, the frequencies either work or don’t work and if they don’t work they simply have no effect. Every practitioner is trained in the concept that FSM is to be used as an adjunct to therapeutics appropriate to their discipline for the patient after proper diagnosis. It is NOT recommended that the frequencies be used to treat cancer as this condition is too serious and too complicated to be addressed without traditional medical intervention.

Frequency protocols are sequences of frequencies observed to have a certain clinical effect in various conditions as determined in Dr. McMakin’s practice and by input from other FSM practitioners. The sequences of frequencies are taught in the course and the students are provided with a summary sheet of frequencies and the most common protocols at the end of the FSM course. The frequency to reduce inflammation was studied in an animal research laboratory at University of Sydney in Australia. The frequency reduced swelling by 62% and the medications reduced it by 45%. No other frequency tested reduced inflammation at all. The frequency worked in every animal with a time dependent response. Is there anyone FSM does not work on?

Patients who are dehydrated cannot benefit from FSM. It has been observed that patients who are dehydrated, athletes with large muscle mass and inadequate water intake, and patients over 70 who are chronically dehydrated have the most problems. Every patient is advised to drink at least one litre of water in the one hour preceding treatment. Patients who are chronically dehydrated may need more.

No technique is 100% effective and FSM is no exception. The effectiveness of FSM depends almost entirely on an accurate diagnosis. Shoulder pain can come from muscles, tendons, bursa, discs, nerves or joints. FSM will treat all of these pain generators effectively. But, if you are treating for muscle and the shoulder pain is from nerves or the bursa you may change the muscle but you won’t change the patient’s pain since it is not coming from the muscle.

FSM is delivered by battery operated device and provides sub-sensory current. It cannot be used through a pregnant uterus or in patients who have pacemakers. Patients must be well hydrated for optimal current flow and optimal results. The only common side effect occurs following treatment for chronic muscle pain when some patients experience what appears to be a detoxification reaction approximately 90 minutes after treatment. This reaction can be prevented by consumption of adequate water and an anti-oxidant supplement. There are no other known side effects or risks.

Microcurrent provides electrons and in published studies increases ATP production in cells. Lasers provide photons. There is currently no research suggesting that laser treatment increases ATP production. Lasers oscillate at set frequencies and provide beneficial results. They are doing it by some other method than frequency specific resonance and ATP enhancement.

Microcurrent is approved in the category of TENS devices determined by the U. S. FDA. TENS devices deliver milliamp current and block pain messages that are tying to get up the spine to the brain. Microcurrent delivers micro-amperage current which has been shown in published studies to increase ATP production in tissues.

Ultra sound creates ultrasonic vibrations and creates heat by vibrating the water molecules in the tissue. It does not provide current nor does it change ATP status. It provides beneficial results – it is just completely different than microcurrent.

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